Saturday, May 23, 2020
RUNNING HEAD: Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler, the Child: A Look at the Childhood Development of Adolf Hitler Eileen Callahan GEN 505. Adult Human Development Adolf Hitler, the Child Adolf Hitler was dictator, murderer, and the Chancellor of the German Reich. Hitler used his position as Chancellor to act upon his own ideologies and biases. He led a nation into the murder of innocent Jewish people, seeing his actions as self-righteous. HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s mental state can not easily be explained; nonetheless, we can examine his development into adulthood to attempt to comprehend his actions. This paper will attempt to understand Adolf HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s violent actions by means of examining his life in relation to different childhood developmentÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦MayÃ¢â¬â¢s books continued to influence HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s life and even as Chancellor he read these books and took to calling the Russians, the Redskins (Quigley 1998). As a boy, Hitler describes himself as an Ã¢â¬Å"argumentative little ring leader who liked to stay outside and hang out with the husky boysÃ¢â¬ (Holocaust). His older half brother described him as quick to anger and spoiled by his mother. Hitler as a young adolescent found a picture book on the War of 1870-1871 between Germans and the French. He, by his own account became obsessed with this book, convinced it was a glorious event. Hitler stated in his book Mein Kampf Ã¢â¬Å"It was not long before the great historic struggle had become my greatest spiritual experiences. From then on, I became more and more enthusiastic about everything that was in any way connected with war or, for that matter, with soldering.Ã¢â¬ (Meier 2000 p10) Hitler in his childhood exhibited signs of Eric EricksonÃ¢â¬â¢s identity versus inferiority Psychosocial Development. At this stage a child wrestles w ith their identity, asking and looking at different possibilities of who and what they wish to become. An example of this for Hitler can be seen in his actions of wanting to model priests. As he grew he discovered other possibilities of war and leader. Hitler led the others school boys into Ã¢â¬Å"pretendÃ¢â¬ battles, while playing his favorite game of Cowboys and Indians. At this early stage in hisShow MoreRelatedAdolf Hitler As A Leader Of Nazi Germany1677 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAdolf Hitler once said Ã¢â¬Å"It is more difficult to fight against faith than against knowledgeÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"30 Eye Catching Hitler Quotes.). In a dictatorship there is one ruler who is in charge of everything in the nation in which he/she rules. Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in Braunau am Inn. Hitler also known as FÃ ¼hrer; he was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and served as dictator from 1934 to 1945. Adolf Hitler was the leader of Nazi Germany, he was one of the initial cau ses which triggeredRead MoreAdolf Hitler Essay935 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAdolf Hitler Adolf Hitler changed the course of history. His childhood strongly shaped his personality. There were many deciding factors that determined the kind of person Hitler finally became. Adolfs father was Alois, an illegitimate child, his mother was Marie Schickulgruber. Alois took his fathers name Hitler before Adolf was born. Alois was already a successful border guard when he was 18, and later became an Austrian customs official. He retired in 1849 after 40 yearsRead MoreAdolf Hitler Personality Analysis1186 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNAME: Blessing Akintunde. CLASS: Psychology 380 FINAL PAPER. Personality Theory: Analysis of Adolf Hitler Behavior. Personality is a significant aspect of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life that cannot be stolen. It drives oneÃ¢â¬â¢s ways and patterns of interacting with the society around them. From the time of the discovery of psychology, many methods had been used to explain the cause and the development of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s personality. Through different personality theories that had been illustrated by many psychologists, it hadRead MoreÃ¢â¬Å"Anyone can deal with victory. Only the mighty can bear defeat.Ã¢â¬ (Hitler, goodreads) Hitler was a600 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesdeal with victory. Only the mighty can bear defeat.Ã¢â¬ (Hitler, goodreads) Hitler was a great military leader, but just not in a good way. Hitler had many great achievements like his sudden rise to power. In this paper I will inform you about Hitlers personal life, political career, and talk about what he did in World War I and World War II. Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in Bavaria Germany. He was the fourth child of six siblings. When Hitler was three-years-old, his family moved to Pasua, GermanyRead MoreEssay about Adolf Hitler1405 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAdolf Hitler Adolf Hitler was born on April 20th, 1889 in Braunau, Austria. He was the fourth child of Alois Schickelgruber and Klara Hitler. The coupleÃ¢â¬â¢s first three offsprings died as children, but more two more were born later, in addition to AdolfÃ¢â¬â¢s half siblings from his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s previous marriage. A housemaid described AdolfÃ¢â¬â¢s father as a strict but comfortable man, and his mother was known to give Adolf much love and affection. As a child, Adolf was very skilled at artwork, and evenRead MoreAdolf Hitler s Biography : Early Childhood Through Adolescence852 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAdolf HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s Biography Early childhood through adolescence Adolf Hitler was born April 20, 1889, In Braunau am inn, Austria, the largest town in the upper Austrian Innviertel region. Adolf was the fourth child of six to Alois Hitler and Klara PÃ ¶lzl. (Rise of Hitler: Adolf Hitler Is Born). At the age of 3 his family moved to Passau, Germany, there he acquired the distinctive lower Bavarian dialect, rather than Austrian German, which marked his speech throughout his life. In 1894 AdolfÃ¢â¬â¢s familyRead MoreHitler vs. Gandhi1721 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages(Mahatma). Hitler was born in Braunau am Inn, Austria, on April 20, 1889, son of an Austrian customs official and a young peasant-worker (Wistrich). In October 1097, Hitler left home for Vienna, with dreams of becoming a painter (Wistrich). His plans changed when he was rejected admission from the Vienna Academy of Art and the School of Architecture; he spent the next five years in Vienna living near the poverty line, earning money only through occasional jobs (Wistrich). At one point, Hitler ran outRead MoreAdolf Hitler : Mein Kampf, Nation And Race1108 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesJennifer Mills College Writing Dec 11, 2014 Adolf Hitler: Mein Kampf, Nation and Race Adolf Hitler was born in Austria, on April 20, 1889. He was the fourth child of the six children from Alois Hitler and Klara Polzl. When Adolf was three years old, his whole family moved into Germany. In his young age, he had many arguments with his father until he became detached and introverted when his young brother died in 1900. (HistoryLearningSite, 2014) Adolf was interested in fine arts than business, soRead MoreAdolf Hitlers Rise to Power1054 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages20 1889, 6:30 pm, in Braunau Austria, Klara Hitler gave birth to her first son Adolf Hitler. Braunau Austria is a small town located approximately 65 miles east of Munich and nearly 30 miles north of Salzburg. When Hitler was a small child, he was baptized as a Catholic. Hitler didnÃ¢â¬â¢t do well in school; he wanted to be an artist. His father Alois Hitler, didnÃ¢â¬â¢t approve of his life plans, he wanted his son to be an officer and fight for Germany. Hitler had a hatred for his father. He was deeplyRe ad More Adolf Hitler: The Early Years Essay1503 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAdolf Hitler: The Early Years On April 20, 1889, a demon was brought into this world. His name was Adolf Hitler. He was born in the family quarters of the Pommer Inn in Braunau, a small city on the Austrian border. The child was unhealthy and his mother, Klara, worried that young Adolf would not survive. Klara provided much love and attention to her baby, which Adolf would later take advantage of to get what he wanted (Smith 50). Despite his self-centeredness, Adolf held a deep bond
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Douglas M. Stillwell Vice President, Human Resources Memorial Health Center Stockton Falls, Ohio 43210 Dear Mr. Stillwell: Please accept my application for the Assistant Administrator position that appeared in this month`s ACHE Job Bank. We will write a custom essay sample on Letter or any similar topic only for you Order Now Recently I served as an Administrator in Training for Marion House Health Care Center (add where that is). As my attached resume describes, I worked with that organization from October 2005 to October 2006. I am prepared to assume the greater management challenges at a larger health care facility like yours.Ã My experience during my association with Marion House Health Care Center, included planning, implementing and evaluating many of the facility`s programs and activities. I reported my observations and activities to my direct supervisor, the facility administrator. Two of my academic courses proved especially useful while I served as administrator in training. The HSA 571 Medical Informatics Masters course gave me the knowledge and skills necessary to participate in planning, implementing, managing, and evaluating health care information systems for the facility. HSA 685 Special Topics: Quality Cost Consumer Issues in Health Care Masters course helped me develop a better awareness of the concepts and emerging issues in quality, cost containment and the growth of consumerism in health care. Thank you for all your time and consideration. Your listed position offers an ideal fit with my professional background and career goals. I would appreciate an opportunity to interview for the position. I will telephone at the end of the week to discuss this opportunity further. Sincerely, Tejesh Patel, MHSA How to cite Letter, Essay examples Letter Free Essays I have already uploaded our family pictures on our new Website. Practically took the time segregating and scanning the images by page and by year. I was also thinking about your move to run as Governor while browsing the site. We will write a custom essay sample on Letter or any similar topic only for you Order Now There are good things and bad things associated with its duties and responsibilities but I firmly feel in my heart that you can overcome all the bad things that come with the position especially during the campaign. I have reared you to be a brave man of honor. Run as you see fit and serve your country, your countrymen and our God well. Always remember to practice accountability. Make it your personal policy to keep a detailed statement of your expenditures. When your separate accounting software is ready I can guarantee you my full support in tracking and monitoring expenditures, people and results. You need to personally check the flow of your transactions, money and the results to avoid sabotage. Keep your antennae out for information to safeguard your integrity in carrying out public duties. It is always a good thing to be transparent and honest. Treat your friends and your opponents with tact and respect. Always perform deliberate acts of kindness. Loyalty is never paid. Loyalty is being given out of deep respect for you as a person, of your vision and hard works. Never rely on loyalty that does not last long. You do not aspire to win for fame. Your goal is to win to help people. Ask respected higher ups for counsel periodically and spend time alone to think before you make any decision. A council is good but you are to pray for guidance from the most High One alone. God shall lead you as to how to perform your duties and how to help your people. Your basic strategy is to aim to do good, serve with compassion and do your works with passion. Make sure everyone knows you did the work by maintaining press releases, emails to higher ups and newsletters from your office. People have the right to be informed of how things are being run and you have every right to claim the good works that you have done. We are not to be silent with politics attacks on good works. But you are to be silent on politics attacks and smear campaigns on personal issues. We want to let you know that we can be silent with all the anticipated negative campaigns directed to us and to you. A man who damages the reputation of another man is a man that cannot be trusted. Remember my son to be careful not to do that in your political campaign no matter how tempting. Always be transparent and deal with the issues in an objective way. You are a man, be always a man. Friends come and go so choose well. Listen with your heart and not your ears. Choose the ones that will serve you with great dedication and loyalty. Real friendships are hard to find. Feel their honesty and seek for their commitment through good works. The most effective way to conquer the hearts of your people and conquer the respect of your opponents is by beating your opponents through good works. You are an open target to an open world. You are to protect yourself and your people as long as you can. You have your mission from God, you have work to do and weÃ¢â¬â¢ll always be here to wait for you to come home when you fail and feel like life seems to tumble down to keep you company. I will not ask any questions for any failure you may encounter. I am your mother who will always keep you in my heart and love you forever as my child. God speed my son. Do what you have to do for the love of God. Loving you always, Your mother How to cite Letter, Essay examples
Saturday, May 2, 2020
World War I This short essay reflects the basic causes of WWI and the United States reasoning for entering WWI free essay sample
World War 1 was fought as a result of secret alliances formed in Europe in the late 19th and 20th centuries. The event which sparked the war was the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand on June 28th 1914 at the hands of Gabriel Principe. Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary was touring the nation of Serbia when a group of Bosnian nationalists named the Black Hand ordered his assassination. This act had a domino effect, and it quickly evolved into a war which spread rapidly through Europe. Secret alliances in Europe, an ever changing definition of neutrality in the United States, cultural issues, military considerations, and an explosive chain of events between the U. S. and Germany led American President Woodrow Wilson to ask Congress to declare war on Germany on April 6, 1917. In order to understand WW1, you must first understand the secret alliances among European nations. Austria-Hungary and Germany were allies. Germany issued Ã¢â¬Å"carte blancheÃ¢â¬ to Austria-Hungary which prompted Austria-Hungary to declare war on Serbia in retaliation to the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand. The Ottoman Empire entered the war on behalf of Austria-Hungary in order to gain territory from Russia and to gain control in the Balkans. Italy had a treaty with Germany, but later joined the allied powers in order to gain territory from Austria-Hungary. Serbia, which objected to Austria-HungaryÃ¢â¬â¢s demand to place troops within its borders, turned to Russia for support. When Russia mobilized its army, Germany demanded that it be demobilized. As a result of RussiaÃ¢â¬â¢s refusal to do so, Germany attacked Russia. In reaction to GermanyÃ¢â¬â¢s attack on Russia, France declared war on Germany because it had an alliance with Russia. In the interim, the Belgians were at war with Germany because Germany marched through Belgium without their permission in order to attack France. As a result, England (which had a treaty with Belgium,) declared war on Germany. The end result of this web of alliances was two opposing coalitions. The Triple Entente, also known as the Allied Powers, included Britain, France, Russia, and eventually Italy, Japan, and the U. S. The Triple Alliance, also known as the Central Powers, included Germany, Austria-Hungary, and The Ottoman Empire. Most Americans adopted a policy of Isolationism during WW1. They did not want wish to be involved in foreign affairs, least of all a war involving most of Europe. Pres. Wilson stated that the U. S. would remain neutral; however his definition of neutrality would change frequently during the course of the conflict. At the onset of the war, Wilson initiates a policy of complete neutrality. This means that not only would the U. S. refrain from assisting or trading with any of the warring nations, but it would ban private loans to them as well. By 1915, he realizes that this embargo could potentially plunge the U. S. into a recession, so he redefines neutrality as the ability to trade with all of the warring nations. This policy quickly goes sour because Britain forms a blockade to prevent the U. S. from trading with Germany. Germany counteracts the British blockade by using U-boats to attack ships carrying cargo to Britain. On May 7, 1915, a German U-boat fired a torpedo at the British passenger ship Lusitania killing 1198 passengers, 128 of which were Americans. The Germans claimed that this sinking was justifiable because there were materials on board. Pres. Wilson reacts by redefining neutrality as respecting the rights of neutral nations whether they decide to trade with everyone or no one. Germany initially complies with Pres. Wilsons wishes and pledges not to attack neutral ships. However, at this point in the conflict, the U. S. has ceased trade with Germany, and by 1916 is supplying the Allied Powers with 40% of their materiel in addition to loaning Britain and France money for the goods. In January 1917, Germany responds by adopting a policy of unconditional submarine warfare, targeting any ships it deemed a threat to its war effort. In the beginning of WW1, the U. S. policy of neutrality seemed the only viable option in order to keep the country out of the war while maintaining its trade relationships with the warring nations. However, the emergence of a world economy made it difficult for AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s economy to flourish without trading with Europe. With both the Allied and Central Powers in a stalemate, the only chance for either side to advance was to block trade with the U. S. Inevitably; the U. S. had to decide with whom it would trade, eventually choosing the Allied Powers. Once this decision was apparent, the Germans announced they would resume unrestricted submarine warfare. Subsequently, German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmerman sent a secret telegram to the German minister in Mexico, offering to help Mexico regain lost territory in the U. S. if Mexico declares war on the U. S. The Ã¢â¬Å"Zimmerman TelegramÃ¢â¬ was intercepted by the British on February 25, 1917 and the message was relayed to Pres. Wilson. Angered, Pres. Wilson asked Congress to approve an Ã¢â¬Å"armed neutralityÃ¢â¬ policy, allowing neutral ships to defend themselves against attackers. The following month, German U-boats sank 5 American ships off the coast of Britain, killing 66 Americans. Pres. Wilson felt the only option was to declare war on Germany, and did so on April 6, 1917 with the permission of Congress. Personally I believe WWI was extremely unnecessary and a war best described as carnage, it was crucial that the U. S. entered the war. If we had not then the allies would have most likely lost. The Germans out of line behavior particularly angered the American populace. Specifically the assassination of Edith Cavell a British nurse in Belgium while under German control. She and her Belgian accomplices were executed by The Germans at a rifle range for helping sneak wounded British soldiers back home. The Germans could have deported her back to the United Kingdom or kept her as a POW for her war crimes, but they chose to execute her instead. Even after the U. S. ambassador in Belgium at the time called German military officials and pleaded with them to spare their lives. It caused the Allied Powers to feel a great amount of disrespect. As well as the Zimmerman telegraph, which was Germany asking Mexico to give America trouble (Pancho Villa) and keep us out of their way, also left us feeling aggravated and disrespected towards Germany. And obviously the sinking of the Lusitania was by far the primary reason. Not a military ship at all, but a passenger ship simply returning passengers from the U. S. back to Britain was attacked and sunk by German U-boats not only killing innocent British passengers but innocent Americans as well. Bodies of dead passengers were washing up on the British coast for weeks. In my opinion I think the last straw for Pres. Wilson was his telegraph sent to Europe where he proposed to go to Europe personally and help end everything was denied. No winners no losers, just end all the nonsense now and start negotiating peace. It was turned down. After awhile all of these events compounded. We were being affected by the war before we were even in it, causing the majority of Americans to want to at that time. In fact we raised so much money selling liberty bonds to help fund the war the government had to ask the American people to stop buying and selling liberty bonds. There was more than enough support in entering and fighting in the war. We would have entered sooner, but Pres. Wilson put it off until he won his second election in 1916.
Monday, March 23, 2020
Introduction Many teens in high school get thrilled at the idea of working part time while still in school. The opportunity to make money is good and some parents give their children the liberty to work while still in school. For others, they would hear none of it because to them it is a complete waste of time. Whichever opinions parents may have the issue of students working throughout high school should be thought through carefully before making any decisions.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Working during high school specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Some students might find that their expectations about their prospective jobs are very different from the reality on the ground. However, if the students are open minded they will adjust well into the work place. Students should be allowed to work throughout high school to learn life skills and get a greater understanding of how the world operates once they are leg al adults. Networking Working while still in school presents students with a golden chance to start networking early in their life. The students who do part time jobs in companies get the opportunity to meet their future employers and if they become good employees while doing their stints as part time employees they will improve, their employability levels in the future because they will not be strangers in the same work places. Moreover, their former employers can offer them valuable assistance in case they need a reference from their current or former employers. The employers can also guide them in the right direction to take if they proof to be worthwhile employees. Students should also not shy away from working as volunteers in non profit organizations because such services might provide them with an opening in the future through making connections with people who might play a major role in their future careers. However, that should not be the primary goal of volunteering becaus e one should give expecting nothing in return. Learn the real world Students who work while still in high school get an opportunity to see how the real world operates and thus are better equipped than those who do not venture in the business world earlier. Working enables the students to integrate some of the things they learn theoretically in class in a real environment and makes them develop analytical skills as they deal with the challenges they encounter in their workplace. This increases their understanding, which may translate into better grades. Moreover, they gains skills that one cannot get in the classroom such as interaction with different clients or customers and thus they are equipped to deal with people from diverse backgrounds. Such students can comfortably work in any part of the world because their interactions with various people prepare them to become global citizens (Anderson Murphy, 6).Advertising Looking for essay on education? Let's see if we can help yo u! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Responsibility The opportunity to work makes students more responsible. A working student has to juggle three things that is education, work and play or leisure. Such a student must develop discipline to be able to balance the three things so that none suffers due to neglect because all are equally important. A student gets an opportunity to learn how to manage their time well and thus even in the future they will be able to handle their jobs well even if it means working extra time. Students also learn to be responsible with money because working teaches them the value of money unlike those who receive it from others and spend it without knowing its value or what it takes to earn. Make an extra coin Students get an opportunity to make some extra money and can buy stuff they admire which maybe their parents are unable to get them. Students come from diverse backgrounds in terms of economic resources. Some have adequate money a nd do not need to work at all. On the other hand, some come from disadvantaged backgrounds and must chip in to help the rest of the family and thus the opportunity to work while studying is valuable to them as it enables them to help their families or even cater for part of their school expenses. Academics may suffer Conversely, working throughout high school may affect a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s academic performance adversely. Some students cannot cope with a work and class work and neglect one at the expense of the other. In such a scenario a student might fail in class work due to lack of concentration which might result from long working hours even though states regulate the number of hours students can work. The work schedule might conflict with the school timetable hence a students might be forced to skip some classes. Moreover, students may fail to engage in activities like sports, which require time in practice, and maybe they are good in a certain sport, which may earn them a study scholarship and give them an opportunity to further their education. Lack time for the family The working hours might eat into family time. Students may spend every free time they have including the weekends away on work and miss family activities. This is not healthy because people need to spend time together to build strong relationships. Parents who are busy at work most of the time do not get a chance to interact with their children too. Conclusion Finally, students should be allowed to work throughout high school because they get to learn a great deal about the real life. As long as a student can balance, their work and academics then they should be allowed to work. Working does students more good than harm and their parents should guide them in picking jobs that will help them in bettering their line of chosen careers. Will not only the students make an extra coin, but also learn to become responsible citizens and good members of their community in the future.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Working during high school specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Reference List Anderson, S. Murphy, N. (1999). Mandatory Community Service: Citizenship Education or Involuntary Servitude? Retrieved from ://www.ecs.org/html/Document.asp?chouseid=1426 This essay on Working during high school was written and submitted by user Mckenna Leach to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Friday, March 6, 2020
Et Al. Meaning and How to Use It Et al. essentially means Ã¢â¬Å"and others,Ã¢â¬ extra, or in addition. It is the abbreviated form of the Latin expression et alia (or et alii or et aliae, the masculine and feminine form of the plural, respectively). The abbreviation et al. often appears in academic documents. It is generally used in footnotes and citations: for example, when a book has multiple authors, et al. can be used after the first name to indicate that there are more than two other authors who worked on the project.Ã How to Use Et Al. Et al. can be used in a situation that refers to more than two people. Make sure itÃ¢â¬â¢s always followed with a period, which indicates that itÃ¢â¬â¢s an abbreviation, but given its prevalence in the English language, italicizing it is not necessary in reference citations, though some publications may require it. According to the APA, it should only be used when there are two or more authors. For three to five authors, all names must be listed within the first citation, but all following citations can include just the name of the first author and et al. For six or more authors, the first author and et al. can be used in all citations, including the first. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re referencing sources with many of the same authors, spell out as many names as possible before using et al., until there is no room for confusion. If using a different style guide, be sure to reference the corresponding manual as rules can differ. Keep in mind that since et al. is plural, it must apply to at least two people. For example, if you are dealing with four authors and have typed out three names, you cannot use et al. to substitute the last one, since it cannot be used in place of just one person. Does it have a place outside of citations? Generally, no. Though not technically incorrect, it would be rare, and overly formal, to see it within an email greeting to multiple people, such as: Ã¢â¬Å"Dear Bill et al.Ã¢â¬ Ã Et Al. vs. Etc. Et al. might sound familiar to another abbreviation we encounter regularly: Ã¢â¬Å"etc.Ã¢â¬ Short for Ã¢â¬Å"et ceteraÃ¢â¬ - which means Ã¢â¬Å"and the restÃ¢â¬ in Latin- Ã¢â¬Å"etc.Ã¢â¬ refers to a list of things, rather than individuals. Unlike et al. which normally makes appearances in academic sources, Ã¢â¬Å"etc.Ã¢â¬ is both formal and informal and can be used in a wide variety of contexts. Examples of Et Al. Jolly et al. (2017) published a revolutionary study on the role of the gut microbiome: In this sentence, et al. doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t appear on a reference list, but still serves to indicate that Jolly and others contributed to the study in question.Ã Some large-scale surveys found cats to be the preferred pet (McCann et al., 1980) while others found dogs to be the ideal pet (Grisham Kane, 1981): In this example, et al. is used in the first citation because there are more than two authors. If this is a first citation, that indicates there are six or more authors, or if this is a subsequent citation in the text, there could be three or above authors. Et al. is not used in the last citation because there are only two authors who worked on the study.Ã Meditation once a week was found to improve focus by 20% in study participants (Hunter, Kennedy, Russell, Aarons, 2009). Meditation once a day was found to increase focus by 40% among participants (Hunter et al., 2009): This example, though citations of the same study would normally not occur in such close proximity, shows how et al. is used when introducing a work co-authored by three to five individuals. Et al. is reserved for all subsequent citations, with the first clearly naming everyone involved.Ã The Other Ã¢â¬Å"Et Al.Ã¢â¬ : Et Alibi In less common situations, et al. stands for et alibi, which refers to locations that will not appear in a list. For example, if you went on a trip, you could use et alibi when writing down the places and hotels you visited so you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to name all of them. This can also be used to refer to locations within a text.Ã How do you remember what this means? Think of an alibi, which is used to prove that a criminal suspect was elsewhere when the crime took place, thus absolving them of suspicion.
Tuesday, February 18, 2020
Firewall Security Measures - Essay Example A packet filter is the most simple type of firewall that operates at the network layer of OSI model. Packet filtering works on a set of rules stored as rule base, which determines which packet are allowed within the session, likewise which address are allowed for the communication process. If by default, a rule base does not permit any session, all packets are a drop from the communication. Information included in packet filtering are as follows: The source address of the packet (or the Layer 3 address) and the destination address of the packet (also Layer 3 address). Type of traffic or the specific network protocol (i.e. Ethernet) And possibly some information about the Layer 4 communication sessions (which is why packet filtering are sometimes considered to operate at layer 3 and 4 of OSI model). Stateful inspection, on the other hand, is the just superset of the packet filter. It also employs the method by which packet filtering works and an additional of storing the state of the session. For example, a session between 192.168.1.100:1023 and 220.127.116.11:80 was stored as Ã¢â¬Å"establishedÃ¢â¬ as its state, then the next time this session takes place, it will automatically be allowed. This provides a faster mechanism for filter incoming and outgoing session between server and host system. Stateful inspection firewall also operates at layer 3 and 4, plus layer 7 of the OSI model, which is evident on how stateful inspections consider application within the application layer.